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It is said that ‘home’ is the most private space where one can lie comfortably, and it must also be the safest place. Baan Krob Nok is therefore designed to perfectly fulfill the demands of both the homeowner’s privacy and safety. Well, let’s explore the concept of the design through a conversation between the author and the architect from S PACE STUDIO.
Block out the surrounding context but remain open to all weather conditions.
One ngan of the three ngan of land is designated for Baan Krob Nok, with the old home on the right side and a private road in front, while the area on the left is kept vacant for future commercial development. Because the site is located in Saraburi Province, the landowner and architect anticipate that the area in its neighborhood would be developed into a factory. Furthermore, the area on the left is adjacent to Kaeng Khoi – Ban Na Road, a main road that produces noise and air pollution. As a result, it is necessary to block those pollutions and replace them with a new and better atmosphere in the house.
“We built a frame around the outside, making it more comfortable for the residents. Although it is enclosed on the side, it can be opened from the inside, ”said the architect. He then started to determine the function based on the direction of the sun to ensure that the house would not be overheated all day, would be well-ventilated, and could also be utilized The Semi-Outdoor through a pavilion that serve as both the center and Transition Space.
The architect opted to move all of the functions of the three-story house to the south, where the sun shines through. The north side pavilion, the heart of the home, will be shielded from the afternoon light for most of the day by the shadow cast by the opposite side of the structure. It considers energy savings in and of itself. (Due to usage behavior during the day, which mostly concentrates on the living room area of the house and the pavilion.)
Voids are made between the building and the pavilion to create an airy courtyard and allow air to circulate to replace the outside space that has been blocked out. This courtyard area offers a new perspective and will function as the nose of the house, allowing it to breathe comfortably. Unlike most three-story houses, which are generally dense and uncomfortable, this house has adequate airflow, comparable to a one-story house.
Another equally important feature is the car park beneath the pavilion. The different levels will allow the parking area and the pavilion to be more isolated but still connected by stairs, creating privacy for the residents.
Elegant but humble space
How can a house be modern while yet respecting nature? Luxurious-Humble, these two terms may appear to be completely contradictory, yet it is conceivable, since, under the modern style and today’s humid environment, it is critical to design a house that adapts to the climate.
When it rains, rainwater falls on the center court and streams down the roof like a water curtain, bringing nature into the house. The drainage, however, must be considered. As a result, the home’s owner came up with an idea to use the Ventilation Block with gravel within as a flooring material around the court for drainage and attractiveness. The Ventilation Block will go along the pavilion’s wall. The area around the house is covered with gravel to allow water to flow readily to the ground.
This house faces the morning sun. However, a lot of individuals find the midday sun to be unpleasant. The architect then solved the problem by designing the section to the south as a service area such as a shoe storage room, a washing area, a kitchen, a TV shelf in the living room, and a built-in full wall storage cabinet. In addition to providing heat protection, it also helps in keeping the house tidy.
The common room on the first floor will include windows in some of the walls so that the residents can look out onto the garden next to the house and open windows that connects to the courtyard. Sword Ferns and Betel Nut Trees are planted inside the court since they require little maintenance, and their leaves rarely fall. The betel nut climbs up to the upper bedroom window, allowing the green leaves and stem to be seen from inside the bedroom.
The main function is encapsulated by services on the first, second, and third floors, with the bedrooms being the last to be reached. In the master bedroom, there is a door as a partition before accessing the bed to make the residents feel as private as possible while sleeping. The bathroom is a space that embraces nature by bringing in natural light to enhance the aesthetics of bathing, which is considered one way of relaxing as well.
Moreover, in little details like the staircase, the architect created a wall in the center of the railing to keep the first floor from viewing the second floor. The wall not only creates privacy, but also compresses the space, making it smaller. When residents walk to the second floor and the wall disappears, they perceive the place as being larger, eliminating the discomfort of a very wide first-floor transition to a smaller second-floor space.
Create an architectural language with Lighting and Materials
When it comes to materials, the notable material is the Ventilation Block that serves as the pavilion’s wall. The perforations in this Ventilation Block are smaller than typical for seclusion, yet they still allow for views of the outside and natural airflow. At the same time, it provides a warm, welcoming character that floats along with the courtyard floor, connecting two areas with this material.
“There are the large sliding door and the folding door made from round perforated steel. The folding door is used to connect to the original house, and another function of this door is to indicate whether or not the owner of the house is now ready to greet guests. For the previous house, instead of a heavy concrete fence, it is replaced by a large tree that will be a gentle buffer to the house, making it appear less dense,” stated the architect.
The architect created this door utilizing perforated round steel, plastered steel, and flat steel to form a frame for the door to be solid and not too airy, as well as to produce shade, making the door does more than simply provide safety protection, but also a beautiful first impression for the house.
The piled three levels give the impression that this house is floating. It is a technique used by architects to generate a light character in a house with limited space so that it does not appear too dull and heavy. The exterior was built to slightly overlap to produce Shading, making the structure appear light and not too heavy, and this floating aspect was also utilized in the Lighting to give the house a distinctive look.
The homeowner opts for a clean white-gray tone for the interior decoration, with the use of cream-light-colored wood to add more warmth. In addition, Ambient Light is also employed to embellish the walls of the pavilion and the living area, making it appear as though the wall floats out. It is consistent with the design concept of the house, which minimizes the big and hefty walls to make the walls appear lighter. Additional lighting will be arranged in a straight line to unify all of the elements.
We believe that this house will fulfill the needs of living for many people who value privacy. Humans, however, require not just personal space, but also social and pleasant coexistence. The central area of the house, therefore, has a significant impact on strengthening the family bond and bringing them closer together, but not so much that they are uncomfortable. Above all, it is nature that will make our hearts delighted to look at trees every day.
Location: Kaeng Khoi District, Saraburi Province
Area: 480 sq m.
Budget: Main building 11 million baht, Interior decoration 2 million baht, Decorative furnishings 600K, Landscape 400K (Total 14 million baht)
Contractor: Saraburi, home builder (Mr.Pon)
Engineer: Bandai (Thailand) Company Limited